Professional Plumbing Tips

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Bacteria Is Normal for Your Septic System

Unbeknownst to many homeowners, all septic systems contain bacteria. It's not all bad, though. Bacteria is necessary in the decomposition process. Septic systems have both anaerobic and aerobic bacteria at all times. This balance is important and necessary to maintain a healthy septic system. So what is the difference between the two and what's so special about them?

microscopic bacteria

Anaerobic Bacteria

Like all bacteria, anaerobic bacteria aid in decomposing the solids that have accumulated at the bottom for your tank. Anaerobic bacteria need no oxygen to work, often living deep in the waste. Once it has finished its process, it will have turned half of the solid mass waste into gas and liquid. That in turn frees up room in your tank. It is important to have both this and aerobic bacteria to counteract organisms that can and cannot survive in an oxygenated environment.

Aerobic Bacteria

Unlike its counterpart, aerobic bacteria require oxygen to survive. It must periodically return to the surface for air. Because of that need for oxygen, this type of bacteria thrives in the drain lines that are often moving and opportune for air and aerobic bacteria. The decomposition process that takes place in those lines is quite important. It is the final step before the water enters the soil. Aerobic soil is especially good at breaking down food particles.

Many things can take a toll on your bacteria balance. For example, if there has been a heavy rain recently, the saturation of the drain lines can wash the bacteria out. Septic additives are available to add bacteria to your tank to help the decomposition process. It is always advised to ask a professional plumber before adding anything new to your tank. Too much bleach, chlorine, or other like harsh chemicals can actually hinder the breakdown process by stripping too much bacteria from your system.

For more information or help with all your septic system and plumbing needs, please contact us today.

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